Stress increases chance of later death

Authors: Reiss et al
Journal: Paper was written in response to a request by Brazilian Government
Year: 2003
Where: University of Maryland

For fish, the stress of being out of water increases with time.

"Studies show that the longer the length of time that fish are removed from the water, the greater the ... increases are seen in the physiological indicators of stress."
Stress increases chance of later death in fish after angling

"Minimizing time spent out of water, minimizes the risk of mortality, especially in smaller fish."
Fish Pain